Corresponding Author:

1Lecturer, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, KPJ Healthcare University College, Nilai, Malaysia. Mail id:


2 Physiotherapist, Department of Physiotherapy, KPJ Selangor Specialist Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia.

3Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr.MGR Deemed to be University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.


Purpose: Intra-rater reliability refers to the consistency of measurements demonstrated in similar assessment situation at two different times by the same examiner which also refers to test-retest. Inter-rater reliability test denotes the consistency of assessments performed by two different examiners. The objective of the study was to determine the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability between experienced and non-experienced physiotherapist on 90-90 active knee extension test using goniometer among healthy college students.

Methodology: This study method is a reliability design in determining hamstring flexibility among 42 young healthy college students of School of Physiotherapy, KPJ Healthcare University College, Nilai, Malaysia. The 90-90 active knee extension was performed using goniometry. Four physiotherapists involved in the study consist of two non-experienced physiotherapist and two experienced physiotherapists.

Results: The mean and standard deviation of active knee extension 90-90 Active Knee extension test among two experienced physiotherapist were 19.830(SD= 10.21) and 43.14 (SD= 47.05). Mean and standard deviation for two non-experienced physiotherapist value were 21.21(SD 11.14) and 42.55 (47.66).

Conclusion: The conclusion of the inter-rater and intra-rater evaluation between experienced and non- experienced physiotherapist showed that goniometer is a reliable tool to evaluate hamstring flexibility among healthy college students.

Keywords: Experienced, Non-Experienced, Physiotherapist, Goniometer, AKE, Inter-rater, Intra-rater

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


1 2 3 6
September 22nd, 2020

Effects of balance training and strengthening exercises on individuals with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease

Purnima Singh1, Panomootil Blessy Varghese2 Author: 2 Student M.P.T Neurology, Hosmat College of Physiotherapy, RGUHS University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India Corresponding […]

September 22nd, 2020

Effect of star excursion balance training program on agility among young men cricket players

Pushparaj Vijayakumar 1*, Rajavel Varatharajan 2, Jibi Paul3 Authors:  2Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman, […]

September 22nd, 2020

Practice of mothers to seek medical attention for their children with acute respiratory infection

E. Usha1, S Hepsibah Sharmil2*, R. Ruth Saranya3 Authors:  1MSc Nursing Candidate, College of Nursing, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research […]

September 21st, 2020

A brief review in non-specific low back pain: Evaluation and physiotherapy intervention

Lucky Anggiat1* Author: 1Physiotherapy Program, Fakultas Vokasi, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia Corresponding  Author : *1Physiotherapy Program, Fakultas Vokasi, Universitas Kristen […]

June 30th, 2020

Prevalence of Text Neck Syndrome in young-adult population

Sathya  P1,  Shivani Arun Tamboli2 Author: 2BPT Intern, School of Physiotherapy, D.Y.Patil, Deemed to be University, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Corresponding […]

June 30th, 2020

Effectiveness of Gluteal muscles strengthening in patients with Plantar Fasciitis

Jomi John1, Jince Augustine2 Author: 1Jomi John, MPT Musculoskeletal and Sports-student, CPAS School of Medical Education, Gandhinagar, Kottayam, Kerala, India, […]

June 30th, 2020

Association Between BMI and Hand Grip Strength in University level Cricket players

Jibi Paul1, Anirudh Srinivas V2 Author: 1Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, DR MGR Educational and Research Institute, Deemed to be University, […]

June 30th, 2020

Bio Motoric Analysis, degeneration process and anxiety of professional boxer for maximum peak performance: A literature study

Maksimus Bisa1* Author: 1Physiotherapy Program, Fakultas Vokasi, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia Corresponding Author: *Physiotherapy Program, Fakultas Vokasi, Universitas Kristen […]

March 17th, 2020

Effect of dynamic stretching on elongation of Gastrocnemius muscle

Nabilah Ahmad1*, Siti Aishah Abdullah Suhaimi2, Najiah Anuar2, Dinesh Madhavan Nair2, SitiNurBaait Sokran1 Authors: 1Physiotherapy Department, School of Health Sciences, […]

March 17th, 2020

Effect of exercise on posture and respiratory function among smartphone users

V. P. Lakshmikanth1,  T. Yamini2, N. M. Basheer Ahamed3 Authors: 2B.P.T. Graduate, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr.MGR. Deemed to be University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, […]