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ISHWARYA VARDHINI C1, DENNIS ROBINSON2, JIBI PAUL3

Corresponding Author:
1Asst.Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy,  Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Dr.MGR. Deemed to be University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. Mail id:  ishphysio@gmail.com

Authors:
2Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, KG College of Physiotherpy, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.
3Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr.MGR. Deemed to be University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

ABSTRACT

Background of the study: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the 5th cause of mortality and morbidity in the world and represents an economic and social burden.  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic pulmonary disorder affecting 10%-15% individuals over age of 45 years. Objective of the study is to compare the effect of conventional pulmonary rehabilitation and Global Postural Re-education method on pulmonary function and thoracic expansion in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Methodology: Thiswas an experimental Study of two groups’ with pre-post comparative study design.The study was conducted for a period of six months in the department of Pulmonology, K.G.Hospital and postgraduate research and medical institute, Coimbatore. All adult patients attending the Pulmonology department of the hospital were assessed and selected for the study. A total of 20 patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were selected by random sampling method and were divided into 2 groups A and B. Pulmonary function test (FEV1/FVC) and Thoracic expansion at Axillary and Xiphoid level was measured and recorded. Unpaired ‘t’test used to find the difference between two groups.
Result:  Tvalue for FEV1/FVC was 7.313, thoracic expansion was 11.90 and 16.39 at Axillary & Xiphoid respectively between two groups with ‘P’ value <0.05. The study showed that there is a significant difference in improvement of FEV1/FVC ratio and thoracic expansion in Group-B, who underwent Global postural re-education method.
Conclusion: Global postural re-education method is better intervention in the improvement of pulmonary function, thoracic expansion in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Global Postural Re-education (GPR), Pulmonary function, Thoracic expansion.  

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