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RADHAKRISHNAN. R1 , VENKATESAN. R 2 , KIRAN.V3 , SENTHIL. P4 , SHARMILA. K5

Corresponding Author: 1 Research scholar, Tamilnadu Physical Education and Sports University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. Mail id: rraaddss@yahoo.com

Co-Authors: 2 Asst. Professor, Tamilnadu Physical Education and Sports University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

3 Research scholar, Tamilnadu Physical Education and Sports University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

4 Professor, School of Physiotherapy, VISTAS, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. 5 Physiotherapist, Tagore Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the changes that occurs in the cardiovascular system and to measure the anthropometric changes on administering combined dynamic core stability exercises and flexibility exercises in middle aged overweight men population in Chennai.

Methodology: Overweight middle aged male subjects (n = 15) who were desk bourne working for long hours in their office and had not been into regular exercising and lack flexibility were selected based on the BMI who scored more than 25. All were treated with dynamic core stability exercises, stretching exercises of hamstring muscles and
treadmill training without elevation for four weeks. Outcomes was measured for Vo2 max, resting heart rate, sit and reach test values, and waist to hip ratio (WHR). At the end of four weeks of training again post test measurement was made and the results were compared using ttest.

Results: The pretest and postest mean difference of sit and reach test for flexibility is 4.6, resting heart rate is 3.73, while Vo2 max had moderate difference of 1.77 and a very minimal difference of 0.03 in waist to hip ratio. It was
found that the results of flexibility, resting heart rate were more statistically significant with (p<0.001)
whereas Vo2 max and waist to hip ratio were marginally significant.

Conclusion: It is concluded that Dynamic core stability exercises, treadmill exercises and stretching was found to be useful in improving the muscle strength and flexibility. The training was effective in controlling the resting heart rate, however the anthropometric values of WHR and Vo2 max needs to be focused for better improvement.

Keywords: BMI, VO2 max, Resting Heart Rate, Flexibility, Dynamic Core Stability Exercises

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